As a rehabilitation profession, Physiotherapists focus on the treatment on physical dysfunctions that are causing pain and / or preventing normal movement and functioning. Although they may treat clients with respiratory and neurological problems, it is their expertise with all types of musculoskeletal dysfunctions that Physiotherapists are most known for. These include problems such as chronic back or neck pain, whiplash, sciatica, TMJ (jaw) dysfunction, nerve irritations, muscle strains or joint sprains that are fresh or the result of long standing imbalances or compensation. Physiotherapy is also usually advised after surgery of any sort where there is residual weakness, stiffness or swelling or other loss of functioning.
They use a variety of techniques such as hands-on manual therapy, physical modalities to accelerate healing (ultrasound, electrotherapy, acupuncture, laser, heat and cold) and specific exercises to correct problems such as joint stiffness and swelling, muscle tightness, muscle weakness, faulty posture or gait.